Different Types Of Web Hosting: Shared, Cloud, VPS & Dedicated

It would not be wrong if I say that in 2020, everyone knows what is web hosting. But many of us may still be confused about the types of web hosting and which type of web hosting we should buy.

Let us explore in this article about different types of web hosting and which one is suitable for you as per your requirement.

What is web hosting?

Do you feel that when you open a page in your web browser, it comes from the air? Jokes apart but each page you visit in your browser is store somewhere.

It’s a remote computer that stores all those pages and you are accessing those pages from that computer. That remote computer is called a server and the process of storing those files is called web hosting.

There are different types of web hosting available in the market to choose from. Which one to choose purely depends on your requirement.

But first let us check different types of web hosting and then we will decide which is the best for your need.

Different types of web hosting

types of web hosting

Broadly , web hosting is categorized into two types.

  • Shared Hosting
  • Dedicated Server Hosting

Shared hosting is further classified into following types

  • Standard shared hosting
  • Cloud hosting
  • Virtual private server (VPS)

Standard shared hosting

This is the cheapest and most widely used hosting type. This is the simplest form of hosting type also. Basically, you will share your web server with thousands of other users and that is why it is called shared hosting.

For example, let’s say your remote server has a memory of 10 GB and currently 10 users are using it. So you can expect that you may get 1 GB of memory to run your website. But in case there are 20 users, your RAM limit may come down to 500 MB.

types of web hosting

In the above illustration, you may notice that there are six users in a single remote server and no one is entitled to get any dedicated server resources.

The worst part of shred hosting is that no resources are dedicated to you. As I said in the above example that if a remote server has 10 GB ram and there are 10 users, you may get 1 GB of Ram. But 1 Gb is also not guaranteed. At any given point in time, if other users are using more ram, you will be able to get less than 1 GB ram.

The resources list is not just limited to RAM, but your web space, bandwidth etc.


  • Cheapest web hosting
  • Usually comes with unlimited space and bandwidth
  • Simple to host a website
  • Very quick to create websites
  • No coding required
  • Tutorials easily available on the internet


  • No dedicated system resource
  • Poor server response time
  • Very slow website speed
  • Lack of security
  • No dedicated support
  • Danger of website hack

When I should choose shared hosting?

  • If you are a beginner and no knowledge of hosting, then shared hosting is the best
  • If you want to buy web hosting for testing purposes only, then shared hosting is good.
  • If you are short of money then there is no option other than shared hosting

Cloud Hosting

Cloud hosting is one type of shared hosting where your website files are stored in multiple web servers instead of a single web server as in the case of standard shared hosting. Since your files are stored in multiple servers like the cloud, that is why it is called cloud hosting.

The main benefit of cloud hosting over shared hosting is the speed and low downtime. Let me explain why it is so.

types of web hosting

For example, your files are stored in 10 different web servers in 10 different countries. So all those 10 countries will get equal speed as the server location is near to them. With shared hosting, you have one web server in one country and the whole world is accessing from that country. So for sure, they will get less speed.

The reason for less downtime in cloud hosting is that since your files are stored in multiple servers, even if one server breaks down, files can be served from another server.


  • Faster than standard shared hosting
  • Usually comes with unlimited space and bandwidth
  • Files are stored in multiple servers
  • Very less downtime
  • No coding required
  • Tutorials easily available on internet


  • No dedicated system resource
  • Poor server response time
  • Usually costlier than standard shared hosting
  • Lack of security
  • No dedicated support
  • Danger of website hack

When I should choose cloud hosting?

  • You want more speed and less downtime
  • Your target audience spread across different countries
  • You want better-shared hosting but can’t afford VPS or private server

Virtual Private Server Hosting

Virtual private server ( VPS), as the name suggests is a private server but virtual. What that means is that virtually you are owning a private server but in reality, it is still a shared server. Let me explain that with an example.

types of web hosting

Just look at this image and the image that I have shown for shared hosting. In the above image you can see there are four users in a single server but each one has their own space and resources ( The green lines shows the border). So ideally you are owning a portion of a private server as a dedicated space for your web hosting. That is why it is called a virtual private server.

Now let’s talk about resource allocation in virtual private servers. Say for example a server has 10 GB of ram and there are five users So each user will get 2 GB of Ram dedicated. If you use 2 GB or not but that 2 GB is dedicated to you. In the case of shared hosting, if you don’t use any resource, it will be allocated to someone else.

The main benefit of a virtual private server is increased security and speed. Since you get dedicated resources, so you have full control over how to use them and optimize them. No one else is using your space, so you will get better speed than standard shared hosting and cloud hosting.


  • You own a private server ( Virtual)
  • Comes with dedicated resources
  • You have full control of the server( VPS)
  • The better speed that other shared hosting
  • You can install any software
  • Much safer than other shared hosting


  • Still a shared hosting
  • Bit of coding knowledge required
  • Need to maintain your own space
  • No dedicated support
  • Tough to troubleshoot issues
  • Way too costly than other shared hosting

When You should choose Virtual Private Server (VPS)

  • Your blog or website has grown up and you are getting a good amount of traffic
  • Speed is important for your website
  • Security is a prime concern for you.

Dedicated Server Hosting

This is the best web hosting among the lot. Here you will get a dedicated private server, what that means is that the server is all yours. You can use it, customize it the way you want. This is the fastest web hosting possible and each and everything is controlled by you.

types of web hosting

Dedicated web hosting is way too costly. Unless you are getting a huge amount of traffic or running an eCommerce site, then there is no point in opting for dedicated server hosting.


  • You own a private server
  • Comes with dedicated resources
  • You have full control of the server
  • Best speed than any other hosting type
  • You can install any software
  • Much safer than other shared hosting


  • Way too costly
  • Coding knowledge required
  • Server maintenance is a big pain
  • You have to hire staff for support
  • Tough to troubleshoot issues
  • Return of investment is a big hit or miss

When you should should dedicated server hosting?

  • Getting the enormous amount of traffic
  • Running an eCommerce website
  • Corporate websites as dedicated servers are the most secure.

What is WordPress Hosting?

Many of us may come across this type of web hosting offering called WordPress hosting. This is basically a shared hosting service that is WordPress optimized. This means, WordPress may come preinstalled and there may be dedicated support for WordPress-related issues. There also might be some software or cache plugin that is useful for websites built using WordPress

Unfortunately, WordPress hosting is a barebone shared hosting type. So don’t get fooled if some companies charge you more just because of WordPress hosting. Better to ask what extra they are offering in the WordPress hosting. If that makes sense, then only go for WordPress hosting.

Difference between managed hosting and un-managed hosting

We often heard about managed hosting as nowadays many web hosts are offering this service. If your web host company manages your web hosting in the form of software installation, updates, patches, access control, etc, then it is called managed hosting. This means they are managing everything for you.

If there are any security threat or issue with your hosting, managed hosting may come handy.

Basically, all web hostings are un-managed unless it is mentioned that it is a managed hosting. In unmanaged hosting, the web host will give you space, ram, etc and you have to everything later on.


So here it is, I have covered almost every single type of web hosting. There might be some special type of hosting like enterprise hosting which is specially customized for special requirements. For most of the cases, these are the types of web hosting that I mentioned in this article.

If you have any questions or queries on types of web hosting, you can pen down your question in the comment section and I will l be happy to help.



Rajib is the Co-Founder and the Lead Product Analyst of RiansTech. A BTech in Mechanical Engineering and a veteran in the Home Appliance industry with over 17 years of experience in designing appliances for industry leaders like GE and Whirlpool. He also runs a successful niche blog (RiansClub) on Mechanical Engineering

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