In Windows, Administrator has all the privileges, but in Linux, it is the Superuser or root that has all the access like all commands, directories, files, and resources.
In this article, we will learn what is a superuser and how to create a root user in Linux.
What Is A Superuser?
A superuser or root user in a Linux system is one of the most powerful users that has all the access like how an administration has all the access in Windows.
A root user also has the ability to assign root access to other users if needed. Ideally, the root user is the prime target of hackers to get into the Linux system as a root user has all the access.
By default, any Linux system will create a user named “Root” as soon as you install the operating system. We should disable the user ” Root” if you want to protect your Linux system from hacking.
How To Create A Root User In Linux
Before you remove the root user, you need to create a new user and give him the root access so that the new user can do all the day-to-day tasks.
When you create a new user and give him the root access, they can perform all the jobs that the root can perform. Giving root access is also called “Sudo(substitute user do)” access. When a new user with root access runs any command they have to use “Sudo” before every command.
For example, to connect using ssh they have to use the following command.
ssh [email protected] //For root
sudo [email protected] // For users with Root access
To create a new user and give them the root access, you need to follow the below steps.
1. Login To The Linux System With The Root User
To login to the Linux system using Root access, please run the following command.
2. Create A New User Account
To create a new user, you need to run the “adduser” command.
sudo adduser rajib
The system will ask a set of questions. Answer those and you are all set.
3. Add The New User To The “Sudo” Group
Adding the new user to the Sudo group means, you are giving the root access to them. To add the user to the sudo group, please run the following command.
usermod -aG sudo rajib
4. Test The New User
To test the new user if they have got root access or not, please run the following command.
su - rajib
sudo ls -la /root
If you see the following screen, that means the new user has the root access.
5. Add A Public Key To The New user
Without a public key, you can not connect to your Linux system using the new user. For that, first of all, you need to create a .ssh folder. To do that, you can run the following command.
Create the authorized_key file inside the .ssh folder and add the public key. Once pasted, please save the file.
sudo nano ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
6. Varify The New User’s Login
You can run the following command to connect to your Linux server using SSH protocol.
That’s it. Now you have created a new user and given root access. If you want to know how to secure your Linux server, you can read the following article.