5 Best Open Source Web Hosting Control Panels In 2021

In the early ’90s, when I tried to host my website, it was a big nightmare for me. It was not at all an easy task to host websites in the 90’s. In fact, nowadays also, it’s not an easy job to host and maintain websites if you only have the CLI ( Command-line Interface) to execute all your tasks. I know many people love to execute web hosting tasks using CLI. They might have worked on CLI and have experience working on Linux. But people like me who have never been into CLI or never worked on Linux may find it very tough. Right? That is where Open Source Web Hosting Control Panels come to the rescue.

The situation becomes worse if you use a VPS hosting or dedicated server. In that case, the host only gives you a bare-bone OS machine, and you have to set up everything. Although you can still set up things by following tutorials, there is a big chance of making a mistake. If any issue arises, the situation becomes worse. That’s where a web hosting control panel comes into the picture.

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What is Web Hosting Control Panel?

A web hosting control panel saves you from executing all tasks using CLI. Instead, it provides an intuitive GUI ( Graphical user interface) to do day-to-day activities. It’s a piece of software installed in the server machine and provides a dashboard to manage hosting infrastructure. It comes in handy for people who do not know anything about web hosting. It becomes effortless for them to host a website even though they may not have much technical knowledge.

At present, this web hosting control panel space is dominated by two big names, WHM/ C Panel, Plesk. Unfortunately, both are paid, and rates are not so competitive if you are an individual website owner. But don’t get disappointed. This article will list about 5 best open-source web hosting absolutely free control panel.

Open Source Web Hosting Control Panels

What it means by “ Absolutely free” is that all features of those control panels are available in the free version. Control panels having a trial version are not listed here. However, they all have a PRO plan which is only needed if are an advanced user and may not be needed for beginners. So let’s find out the 5 Best Open Source Web Control Panels In 2021

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What does A Web Hosting Control Panel do?

  • Manage domain name systems ( DNS)
  • Manage website databases.
  • Configure and handles eMail.
  • Install and maintain security systems like SSL.
  • Provides an intuitive interface for server computer file manager.
  • Enables FTP protocol to transfer files.
  • One-Click installation of scripts like WordPress, Joomla, Prestashop, etc
  • Manages bandwidth, space utilization.

The list considers only a few points. A control panel does more tasks than what is mentioned here. In fact, even a few articles also won’t be enough to list a web host control panel’s capabilities. For now, let’s check the list of a control panel that comes for free to manage your hosting environment.

Best Open Source Web Hosting Control Panel

Here are the top best open source web hosting control panels that can be used if you opted for a VPS or a dedicated server.

CentOS Web Panel

This is the most popular and widely used free control panel. If you are using a VPS server or a dedicated machine, then the CentOS web panel is the preferred choice due to its simple user interface. All commands and options are there in the dashboard, and a newbie will find it very easy to work with. It has all the features that you need to manage your hosting infrastructure. Though not as feature-rich as the C panel, it still does the job with all required features.

Open Source Web Hosting Control Panels

One of the main problems will CentOS is that it works best when you install it on a new server. If you install another control panel and then decide to install the CentOS web panel, it creates many problems. Also, I found that if you uninstall and reinstall plugins like Varnish, it makes a hell of a lot of issues. So my suggestion would be to keep CentOS in default configuration with all your required modules and don’t try to do experiments.

The requirement of CentOS web panel

  • Web server: Apache or NGINX
  • Ram: 512MB ( 32 Bit), 1024 MB (64 Bit)
  • Storage: 10 GB
  • CPU: 1 GHz
  • Operating System: CentOS 6 /7, RedHat 6, Cloudlinux 6

Features of CentOS web panel

  • Support Apache or NGINX. No support for the Litespeed web server yet.
  • NGINX reverse proxy support.
  • MySQL database supported
  • Varnish Cache can be installed.
  • Excellent DNS management
  • One-click SSL certificate installation.
  • Intuitive file manager.• Softaculous one-click script installer ( Limited)
  • CSF firewall
  • Live server monitoring
  • Auto-update

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ISPConfig

ISPConfig is one of the most popular and widely used control panels for Linux servers. More than 40000 downloads happens per month for this control panel. Available in multiple languages and can manage multiple servers. It is available for almost all Linux distribution and provides different access levels like a client, reseller, administrator, etc. ISP Config works on both the physical machine and virtual server.

Open Source Web Hosting Control Panels

The requirement of ISPConfig web panel

  • Web server: Apache or NGINX
  • Ram: 1024 MB (64 Bit)
  • Storage: 10 GB
  • CPU: 1 GHz
  • Operating System: Almost all Linux distribution

Features of ISPConfig web panel

  • IPV4 & IPV6 support
  • Individual PHP setting per website
  • Custom Apache and NGINX directives.
  • MySQL database
  • Email Management
  • Lightweight and use less server resource
  • Powerful firewall security measures
  • Out of the box SSL support

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Vesta Control Panel

Vesta is one of the best open source web panels that is widely used for VPS hosting environments. The interface is a bit confusing but after you accustomed to it, it becomes much easier. The front end is written in PHP and JavaScript. One of the salient features of Vesta is the iptables /fail2ban firewall which can block any IP to access the panel after multiple login attempts. Other features are almost more or less the same as other web panels. The free plan of Vesta is enough for beginners but if you are an advanced user you can opt for their paid plan.

Open Source Web Hosting Control Panels

The requirement of Vesta web panel

  • Web server: Apache or NGINX
  • Ram: 512MB
  • Storage: 20 GB
  • CPU: 1 GHz
  • Operating System: CentOS 5/6 /7, Debian 7/8/9, Ubuntu

Features of Vesta OS web panel

  • iPtables / fail2ban firewall
  • Web panel wrote in PHP and Javascript
  • MySQL / PostgreSQL supported.
  • FTP manager: vsftpd . pro FTPD
  • Vesta core is in Bash.
  • DNS management
  • Email management with ClamAV
  • Server and user monitoring.
  • Softaculous auto-installer ( Limited)
  • SSL support
  • File manager support

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Ajenti Web Panel

Do you why Ajenti is so popular among web developers? It’s because it can run only on 30 MB RAM and 75 MB storage. So if you are low on storage and RAM in your server machine then Ajenti should be chosen to manage the hosting. Back-end codes are written in python and the front end is written in JS. It supports modularity due to the GEvent framework at the back end and the Angular JS framework at the front end.

Open Source Web Hosting Control Panels

The requirement of Ajenti web panel

  • Web server: Apache or NGINX
  • Ram: 30 MB
  • Storage: 75 MB
  • CPU: 1 GHz
  • Operating System: CentOS 5/6 /7, Debian 7/8/9, Ubuntu

Features of Ajenti OS web panel

  • Modular interface
  • Powerful Firewall
  • Low resource usage.
  • DNS management
  • Out of the box SSL support
  • Email management

You are reading: Best open source web hosting control panel

Virtualmin Web Panel

Virtual admin web panel is one of the feature-rich web panels available for Linux servers. It is available in free and paid versions, whereas the paid version offers some nice extra features. But the free version is enough for casual web administrators. Written in Perl and support major Linux distributions. The interface is quite simple, and beginners will find it easy to locate stuff for server management.

Open Source Web Hosting Control Panels

The requirement of Virtual admin web panel

• No Specific requirement to mention compared to the requirement mentioned for other web panels

You are reading: Best open-source web hosting control panel

Conclusion: Best Open Source Web Hosting Control Panel

These are the top 5 Best Open Source Web Hosting Control Panels. I personally used Cent OS web panel and Vesta and found both to be very nice and intuitive. Though mostly CentOS web panel is offered by most of the web hosting company and in fact, they install that for free. If your web host provides you just the bare bone machine with one of the Linux distributions, then you can go for ISPConfig, which is feature-rich and easy to configure.

That’s all we have in this article on Open Source Web Control panels. I hope you liked the article and found some useful information. If you have any queries, please write in the comment section, and I will be happy to answer.

Rajib

Rajib is the Co-Founder and the Lead Product Analyst of RiansTech. A BTech in Mechanical Engineering and a veteran in the Home Appliance industry with over 17 years of experience in designing appliances for industry leaders like GE and Whirlpool. He also runs a successful niche blog (RiansClub) on Mechanical Engineering

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